Exercise Induced Compartment Syndrome, also called Exertional Compartment Sydrome, is a condition that may be the cause of activity induced leg and foot pain - particularly in runners. The pain of Exercise Induced Compartment Syndrome (EIC) may often be confused and misdiagnosed for other causes of activity related pain in athletes. Typically the pain associated with EIC is brought on by a specific distance of running or a duration of activity and relieved by a period of rest. Pain maybe severe enough to limit the level of activity.
Exercise Induced Compartment Syndrome occurs because the lower leg (below the knee) is divided into compartments. These compartments are surrounded by a tight fibrous covering called fascia. Within the compartments are various groups of muscles, blood vessels and nerves.